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太赫兹成像技术研究进展及应用

周强国 黄志明

周强国, 黄志明. 太赫兹成像技术研究进展及应用[J]. 红外技术, 2022, 44(4): 328-342.
引用本文: 周强国, 黄志明. 太赫兹成像技术研究进展及应用[J]. 红外技术, 2022, 44(4): 328-342.
ZHOU Qiangguo, HUANG Zhiming. Review of Research and Application of Terahertz Imaging Technology[J]. Infrared Technology , 2022, 44(4): 328-342.
Citation: ZHOU Qiangguo, HUANG Zhiming. Review of Research and Application of Terahertz Imaging Technology[J]. Infrared Technology , 2022, 44(4): 328-342.

太赫兹成像技术研究进展及应用

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金委员会重点项目 12134016

杰出青年基金 61625505

中国科学院,基础前沿科学研究计划 ZDBS-LY-JSC025

详细信息
    作者简介:

    周强国(1995-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事红外成像及太赫兹探测技术研究。Email:qgzhouhq@163.com

    通讯作者:

    黄志明(1971-),男,研究员,博士生导师,国家杰出青年基金获得者,主要从事红外与太赫兹相关领域研究。E-mail:zmhuang@mail.sitp.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: O441.4

Review of Research and Application of Terahertz Imaging Technology

  • 摘要: 太赫兹波(terahertz waves)位于红外波段与微波波段之间,相比其他波段具有高透射性、低能量性、相干性、指纹光谱以及瞬态性等特点。随着太赫兹成像技术在空间通信、雷达探测、航天航空以及生物医疗等领域的广泛应用,已经表现出传统成像技术(如可见光、超声波和X射线成像)无法比拟的优势。本文首先对太赫兹时域光谱(THz-TDS)成像技术以及室温(非制冷)微测辐射热计太赫兹成像技术的发展现状进行介绍,再介绍太赫兹成像技术的典型应用,最后指出太赫兹成像技术在发展中存在的限制因素并给出合理的建议。
  • 图  1  太赫兹辐射产生方法(a) 光电导效应;(b)光整流效应;(c)空气等离子体效应

    Figure  1.  (a) Photo conductance effect; (b) Optical rectification effect; (c) Air plasma effect

    图  2  透射型太赫兹成像系统原理图[13]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of transmission THz imaging system[13]

    图  3  利用透射型太赫兹成像系统对树叶进行扫描成像:(a) 新鲜树叶成像;(b) 48 h后的树叶成像[13]

    Figure  3.  The leaves were scanned and imaged using a transmissive THz imaging system: (a) Fresh leaves; (b) Leaves after 48 hours[13]

    图  4  太赫兹成像系统及样品的太赫兹图像:(a) 太赫兹脉冲焦线成像系统;(b) 金属孔阵列样品以及其在0.204 THz、0.407 THz、0.815 THz、1.600 THz处的太赫兹图像[20]

    Figure  4.  Terahertz imaging system and terahertz images of samples: (a) THz pulse focal imaging system; (b) THz images of metal hole array samples and samples at 0.204 THz, 0.407 THz, 0.815 THz, 1.600 THz[20]

    图  5  太赫兹实时焦平面成像系统[23]

    Figure  5.  THz real-time focal plane imaging system [23]

    图  6  太赫兹脉冲近场扫描成像系统[34]

    Figure  6.  THz pulse near-field scan imaging system[34]

    图  7  高空间分辨率的散射式THz-SNOMs系统:(a) 实验装置;(b) 系统原理图[41]

    Figure  7.  Scattering THz-SNOMs system with high spatial resolution: (a) Photos of experimental apparatus and (b) System principle[41]

    图  8  共焦扫描成像系统:(a) 透射式半共焦扫描成像系统;(b) 透射式共焦扫描成像系统[42-43]

    Figure  8.  Confocal scanning imaging system: (a) Transmission type semi-confocal scanning and (b) Confocal scanning imaging system[42-43]

    图  9  三维光谱层析实验装置及其成像结果:原理图(a)及实验结果(b)[64]

    Figure  9.  Three-dimensional spectrum chromatography system and its imaging results: (a) Schematic diagram and (b) Experimental results [64]

    图  10  改进型太赫兹脉冲焦平面成像系统[14]

    Figure  10.  Improvement of THz pulsed focal plane array imaging system[14]

    图  11  基于窄禁带半导体的太赫兹探测器原理图[86]

    Figure  11.  Schematic diagram of a THz detector based on narrow bandgap semiconductors[86]

    图  12  太赫兹SAR成像雷达系统[87]

    Figure  12.  THz SAR imaging radar system[87]

    图  13  新型太赫兹单像素成像技术:(a) 系统示意图;(b) 成像压缩;(c) 样品成像图[89]

    Figure  13.  Novel THz single-pixel imaging technology: (a) System schematic diagram; (b) Image compression ratio; (c) Sample image[89]

    图  14  双层微桥结构太赫兹探测示意图[93]

    Figure  14.  Schematic diagram of double-layer microbridge structure for terahertz detection[93]

    图  15  太赫兹成像技术在安全检查方面的应用:(a) 为中国电科38所研制太赫兹人体安检仪系统成像;(b) 为诺⋅格公司研制的太赫兹安检仪成像

    Figure  15.  The application of THz imaging technology in security inspection: (a) Imaging for the THz human security detector system developed by China Electric Power 38 Institute; (b) Imaging for the THz security detector developed by Northrop Grumman

    图  16  航天飞机缺陷处的太赫兹图像

    Figure  16.  THz image of space shuttle defect

    图  17  体内和体外肿瘤组织的太赫兹图像[103]

    Figure  17.  THz images of tumor tissue in vivo and in vitro[103]

    图  18  太赫兹成像技术在环境和天文领域的应用:环境监测(a)以及天文研究(b) [109]

    Figure  18.  The application in enviroment and astronomy field: of terahertz imaging technology: in environmental monitoring (a) and astronomical research (b)[109]

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-23
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