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基于Faster R-CNN的旋转机械红外检测与识别

王洋 杨立

王洋, 杨立. 基于Faster R-CNN的旋转机械红外检测与识别[J]. 红外技术, 2020, 42(11): 1053-1060.
引用本文: 王洋, 杨立. 基于Faster R-CNN的旋转机械红外检测与识别[J]. 红外技术, 2020, 42(11): 1053-1060.
WANG Yang, YANG Li. Infrared Detection and Identification of Rotating Machinery Based on Faster R-CNN[J]. Infrared Technology , 2020, 42(11): 1053-1060.
Citation: WANG Yang, YANG Li. Infrared Detection and Identification of Rotating Machinery Based on Faster R-CNN[J]. Infrared Technology , 2020, 42(11): 1053-1060.

基于Faster R-CNN的旋转机械红外检测与识别

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王洋(1986-),男,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为红外故障诊断。E-mail: 373647411@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TK38

Infrared Detection and Identification of Rotating Machinery Based on Faster R-CNN

  • 摘要: 旋转机械是机械设备的核心部件,一旦发生故障会造成不可估量的损失,因此旋转机械的实时监测诊断显得尤为必要。无人值守的红外智能监测诊断将是故障诊断新的发展方向,要实现红外智能监测诊断首先要准确识别旋转机械部件。本文利用红外热像仪监测旋转机械的运行状态,获得了电动机、联轴器、轴承座、齿轮箱等设备的红外热图;采用Faster R-CNN算法对测量得到的旋转机械红外图像进行了学习训练和目标识别,结果表明该算法能够准确识别旋转机械部件;研究了单角度和旋转角度红外监测的识别效果,发现在相同角度下使用红外灰度图像进行训练的检测效果比使用红外伪彩色图像训练的检测效果更佳;对比了4种预训练网络对于红外目标识别的影响,采用Resnet50预训练网络的平均检测精度为0.9345,识别精度更高。
  • 图  1  Faster-RCNN结构图

    Figure  1.  Structure diagram of Faster-RCNN

    图  2  实验平台组成结构图

    Figure  2.  Structure diagram of experimental platform

    图  3  部分不同角度下的图像数据

    Figure  3.  Partial image data from different angles

    图  4  四种不同数量数据集训练的探测器对单张图片检测效果

    Figure  4.  Detection effect of detectors trained by four different datasets on one image

    图  5  不同图像类型下训练的探测器对单张图片检测效果

    Figure  5.  Detection effect of detector trained under different image types on single image

    图  6  不同预训练网络下的单张图片检测效果

    Figure  6.  Effect of single image detection in different pre-training networks

    图  7  Alexnet预训练网络下6个目标的PR曲线

    Figure  7.  PR curves of six targets under alexnet pre-training network

    图  8  VGG19预训练网络下6个目标的PR曲线

    Figure  8.  PR curves of six targets under VGG19 pre-training network

    图  9  Googlenet预训练网络下6个目标的PR曲线

    Figure  9.  PR curves of six targets under Googlenet pre-training network

    图  10  Resnet50预训练网络下6个目标的PR曲线

    Figure  10.  PR curves of six targets under Resnet50 pre-training network

    表  1  四种不同数量数据集下网络训练检测情况

    Table  1.   Network training and detection situation under fourdifferent datasets

    Number of datasets Training time /s mAP IoU
    75 303 1 0.8969
    150 514 1 0.8836
    300 990 1 0.9108
    600 1846 1 0.8487
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同图像类型下网络训练检测情况

    Table  2.   Network training and detection situation under differentimage types

    Image types Training time /s mAP IoU
    Gray image 990 1 0.9108
    Pseudo color image 1067 1 0.8932
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-03-07
  • 修回日期:  2020-09-08
  • 刊出日期:  2020-11-20

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