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基于飞行时间法的3D相机研究综述

魏加立 曲慧东 王永宪 朱俊青 关英俊

魏加立, 曲慧东, 王永宪, 朱俊青, 关英俊. 基于飞行时间法的3D相机研究综述[J]. 红外技术, 2021, 43(1): 60-67.
引用本文: 魏加立, 曲慧东, 王永宪, 朱俊青, 关英俊. 基于飞行时间法的3D相机研究综述[J]. 红外技术, 2021, 43(1): 60-67.
WEI Jiali, QU Huidong, WANG Yongxian, ZHU Junqing, GUAN Yingjun. Research Review of 3D Cameras Based on Time-of-Flight Method[J]. INFRARED TECHNOLOGY, 2021, 43(1): 60-67.
Citation: WEI Jiali, QU Huidong, WANG Yongxian, ZHU Junqing, GUAN Yingjun. Research Review of 3D Cameras Based on Time-of-Flight Method[J]. INFRARED TECHNOLOGY, 2021, 43(1): 60-67.

基于飞行时间法的3D相机研究综述

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 11803036

中央引导地方科技发展基金 202002035JC

详细信息
    作者简介:

    魏加立(1995-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事空间光学遥感器结构优化设计方面研究。E-mail:1569750807@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    关英俊(1978-),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事空间光学遥感器结构优化设计方面研究。E-mail:gyj5460@sohu.com

  • 中图分类号: TN219

Research Review of 3D Cameras Based on Time-of-Flight Method

  • 摘要: 基于飞行时间法(Time-of-Flight,TOF)的3D相机是一种体积小、误差小、抗干扰能力强、可直接输出深度信息的新型立体成像设备。目前,该类相机已成为测量成像领域的研究热点。本文首先介绍了TOF相机的发展历程及测量原理;随后对TOF相机测量误差来源及类型进行分析;接着将TOF技术与其他主流的三维成像技术进行对比分析;最后对TOF相机的应用与发展趋势进行了阐述。
  • 图  1  TOF相机的工作原理

    Figure  1.  The operational principle of TOF camera

    图  2  间接测量法相位解调原理图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of phase demodulation for indirect measurement

    图  3  深度传感器分类

    Figure  3.  Depth sensor classification

    图  4  双目视觉测距示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of binocular visual ranging

    图  5  结构光基本原理图

    Figure  5.  Fundamental diagram of structured light

    图  6  国内外几款主流TOF相机

    Figure  6.  Several mainstream TOF cameras at home and abroad

    表  1  三种主流三维成像技术性能对比

    Table  1.   Performance comparison of three mainstream 3Dimaging technologies

    Camera type Binocular vision Structured light TOFcamera
    Ranging method Passive Active Active
    Precision medium Medium -high medium
    Resolution Medium -high Medium low
    Frame rate low Medium high
    real-time Medium low high
    Software complexity high Medium low
    Power consumption low Medium Adjustable
    Hardware cost low high Medium
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-02-18
  • 修回日期:  2020-10-18
  • 刊出日期:  2021-01-20

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