[1]刘亚宁,桑鹏,吕嘉玮,等.微型低功耗EBAPS相机技术[J].红外技术,2019,41(9):810-818.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201909003]
 LIU Yaning,SANG Peng,LYU Jiawei,et al.Miniature Low Power Consumption EBAPS Camera Technology[J].Infrared Technology,2019,41(9):810-818.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201909003]
点击复制

微型低功耗EBAPS相机技术
分享到:

《红外技术》[ISSN:1001-8891/CN:CN 53-1053/TN]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2019年第9期
页码:
810-818
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Miniature Low Power Consumption EBAPS Camera Technology
文章编号:
1001-8891(2019)09-0810-09
作者:
刘亚宁12桑鹏1吕嘉玮12李海涛1徐鹏霄3李保权12
1. 中国科学院国家空间科学中心;
2. 中国科学院大学;
3. 中国电子科技集团公司第五十五研究所

Author(s):
LIU Yaning12SANG Peng1LYU Jiawei12LI Haitao1XU Pengxiao3LI Baoquan12
1. National Space Science Centre, Chinese Academy of Science;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Science;
3. The 55th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation

关键词:
电子轰击型有源像素传感器FLASH FPGA极弱光成像低功耗
Keywords:
electron bombarded active pixel sensorFLASH FPGAextreme lowillumination imaginglow power
分类号:
TP391.4
DOI:
10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201909003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
极弱光成像或者单光子成像在夜视、侦查以及空间科学等诸多领域都有迫切的应用需求。电子轰击型有源像素传感器(Electron Bombarded Active Pixel Sensor,EBAPS)具有高灵敏、高分辨率、低噪声、小体积、低功耗的特性,正成为新一代先进的极弱光成像传感器。针对自主开发EBAPS的应用需求,选取了国内生产的有源像素像传感器(Active Pixel Sensor,APS)进行了相机电路开发。并针对穿戴式的资源约束,选用了小尺寸、低功耗的FLASH型FPGA为主控芯片,完成了APS相机电路的软硬件设计与开发。测试显示,在视频工作情况下,整机功耗0.6 W,电子学噪声6.7 mV,基本实现了微型低功耗的相机要求,为穿戴式EBAPS相机研制奠定了基础。
Abstract:
Extreme low-illumination imaging or single-photon imaging has urgent application needs in many fields, such as night vision, surveillance, and space science. The electron bombarded active pixel sensor (EBAPS) has high sensitivity, high resolution, low noise, small footprint, and low power consumption characteristics, and it is becoming a new generation of advanced extreme low-illumination imaging sensors. Aiming at the application needs of the independent development of EBAPS, a domestic APS image sensor has been selected to develop the camera electronics. In addition, according to the resource constraints of wearable devices, a small footprint and low power consumption flash field-programmable gate array is selected as the main control chip. It then completes the software and hardware design of the APS camera system. Tests showed that under the condition of video operation, the power consumption of the camera is 0.6 W and electronic noise is 6.7 mV, which in essence realizes the requirements of miniature and low power consumption camera and lays a foundation for the development of wearable EBAPS camera.

参考文献/References:

[1]? 姚立斌. 低照度CMOS图像传感器技术[J]. 红外技术, 2013, 35(3): 125-132.
YAO Libin. Low-light-level CMOS image sensor technique[J]. Infrared Technology, 2013, 35(3): 125-132
[2]? 田金生. 极弱光像传感器技术的最新进展[J]. 红外技术, 2013, 35(9): 527-534.
TIAN Jinsheng. New development of low light level imaging sensor technology[J]. Infrared Technology, 2013, 35(9): 527-534.
[3]? Robbins M S, Hadwen B J. The Noise Performance of Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices[J]. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 2003, 50(5): 1227-1232.
[4]? ZHANG Wenwen, CHEN Qian. Signal-to-Noise Ratio Performance Comparison of Electron Multiplying CCD and Intensified CCD Detectors[C]//International Conference on Image Analysis and Signal Processing, 2009.
[5]? Verle W Aebi, Kenneth A Costello, Philip W Arcuni, et al. EBAPS?: next generation, low power, digital night vision[C]//OPTRO 2005 International Symposium, 2005.
[6]? 宋德, 石峰, 李野. 基底均匀掺杂下EBAPS电荷收集效率的模拟研究[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2016, 45(2): 48-52.
SONG De, SHI Feng, LI Ye. Simulation of charge collection efficiency for EBAPS with uniformly doped substrate[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2016, 45(2): 48-52.
[7]? 胡之厅. 石墨烯与砷化镓异质结光电器件的研究[D]. 上海: 上海师范大学, 2018.
HU Zhiting. Study on the photoelectric devices with heterojunction of graphene and GaAs[D]. Shanghai: Shanghai Normal University, 2018.
[8]? 杨莲红, 张保花, 王俊珺, 等. AlGaN MSM结构日盲型紫外探测器[J].现代电子技术, 2014, 37(20): 120-122.
YANG Lianhong, ZHANG Baohua, WANG Junjun, et al. AlGaN solar-blind ultraviolet photodetector with MSM structure[J]. Modern Electronics Technique, 2014, 37(20): 120-122.
[9]? 赵健博. 基于FPGA和USB 3.0的高速CMOS图像数据采集系统设计[D]. 长春: 吉林大学, 2015.
ZHAO Jianbo. Design of high-speed data acquisition of CMOS image sensor based on FPGA and USB3.0[D]. Changchun: Jilin University, 2015.
[10]? 刘美莹, 王虎, 汶德胜, 等. FPGA的大面阵CMOS相机系统的设计[J]. 红外与激光工程, 2013, 42(S02): 337-342.
LIU Meiying, WANG Hu, WEN Desheng, et al. Design of a large plane CMOS camera system FPGA[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering, 2013, 42(S02): 337-342.
[11]? 辛文辉, 李仕春, 华灯鑫, 等. 基于FPGA的激光雷达高速数据采集系统设计[J]. 光子学报, 2012, 41(8): 967-971.
XIN Wenhui, LI Shichun, HUA Dexin, et al. Design of a high-speed data acquisition system based on FPGA for laser radar[J]. Acta Photonica Sinica, 2012, 41(8): 967-971.
[12]? 胡永富, 黄长宁, 张宏伟. CMOS 图像传感器STAR1000 研究与应用[C]//第二十三届全国空间探测学术交流会, 2010.
HU Yongfu, HUANG Changning, ZHANG Hongwei. Research and application of CMOS image sensor STAR1000[C]//The 23rd National Space Exploration Academic Exchange Conference, 2010.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-11;修订日期:2019-08-23.
作者简介:刘亚宁(1993-),女,硕士,主要研究方向为空间探测技术。E-mail:YNing_liu@outlook.com。
通信作者:李保权(1973-),男,研究员,博士,主要研究方向为空间探测技术。E-mail:lbq@nssc.ac.cn。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41604152);中科院青年创新促进会项目(Y82133A38S)。

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-09-20