[1]刘江平,薛河儒.基于FPGA的高速光谱采集与处理系统[J].红外技术,2018,40(11):1042-1046.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201811003]
 LIU Jiangping,XUE Heru.High-speed Spectrum Acquisition and Processing System Based on FPGA[J].Infrared Technology,2018,40(11):1042-1046.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201811003]
点击复制

基于FPGA的高速光谱采集与处理系统
分享到:

《红外技术》[ISSN:1001-8891/CN:CN 53-1053/TN]

卷:
40
期数:
2018年第11期
页码:
1042-1046
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-11-21

文章信息/Info

Title:
High-speed Spectrum Acquisition and Processing System Based on FPGA
文章编号:
1001-8891(2018)11-1042-05
作者:
刘江平薛河儒
内蒙古农业大学计算机与信息工程学院
Author(s):
LIU JiangpingXUE Heru
College of Computer and Information Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University
关键词:
光谱数据处理FPGA切趾滤波数据采集
Keywords:
spectral data processingFPGAapodization filteringdata acquisition
分类号:
TN247
DOI:
10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201811003
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了实现光谱数据的高速采集与实时处理,研究了一种基于FPGA(Field-Programmable Gate Array)的高速光谱数据采集与分析系统。系统由光学模块和处理模块组成,光学部分由准直透镜、静态干涉具、CMOS探测器组成;处理模块由FPGA硬件编程实现。通过对所采集的干涉条纹进行切趾处理、FFT(fast Fourier transform)及光谱标定,并根据干涉具参数给出了光谱分辨率的函数关系,从而实现了对被测光谱的复现。采用了Moswlaim6.3f对处理模块进行了仿真分析,并计算了不同切趾方法对反演光谱的影响,验证了FFT时序逻辑关系符合设计要求。实验中搭建了光学模块和处理模块,完成了对660.0 nm激光的光谱分析。实验结果显示,该系统具有高速光谱数据采集与复现的能力,适用于高速光谱数据处理系统。
Abstract:
A high-speed spectral data-acquisition and analysis system is studied based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The system consists of optical and processing modules. The optical module is composed of a collimating lens, static interference device, and CMOS detector. The processing module is realized by FPGA hardware programming. Interference fringes include apodization, fast Fourier transform (FFT), and spectral calibration. Based on the parameters of the interferometer, the function of spectral resolution is used to realize the reappearance of the measured spectrum. The Moswlaim6.3f is used to simulate the processing module, and the influence of different apodization methods on the inversion spectrum is calculated. It is verified that the logic relations of FFT timing accord with the design requirements. In the experiment conducted, the optical and processing modules are built, and aspectrum analysis of the 660 nm laser is conducted. Experimental results show that the system has the ability to acquire and reproduce high-speed spectral data, making it suitable for high-speed spectral data processing.

参考文献/References:

[1]? 周志娟, 张玉贵, 樊奔. 基于FPGA的干涉信号双ADC采集系统设计[J]. 电子测量技术, 2016, 12(4): 123-128.
ZHOU Zhijuan, ZHANG Yugui, FAN Ben. Design of Interference Signal Doudle ADC Acquisition System Based on FPGA[J]. Electronic Measurement Technology, 2016, 12(4): 123-128.
[2]? Takada Kazumasa, Aoyagi Hirotaka, Okamoto Katsunari. Correction for phase-shift deviation in a complex Fourier transform integrated-optic spatial heterodyne spectrometer with an active phase-shift scheme[J]. Optics Letters, 2011, 36(7): 1044-1046.
[3]? 郭文记, 曾晓茹, 赵宝玮, 等. 高光谱RX异常检测的多DSP并行化处理技术[J]. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2014, 34(5): 1383-1387.
GUO Wenji, ZENG Xiaoru, ZHAO Baowei, et al. Multi-DSP Parallel Processing Technique of Hyperspectral RX Anomaly Detection[J]. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 2014, 34(5): 1383-1387.
[4]? 常丽, 李健强. 基于CCD和FPGA的光栅位移测量系统[J]. 仪表技术与传感器, 2010, (5): 103-105.
CHANG Li, LI Jianqiang. Grating displacement measurement system based on CCD and FPGA[J]. Instrument Technique and Sensor, 2010(5): 103-105.
[5]? 吕默, 陈晨, 王一丁. 用于中红外痕量气体检测的光电信号高速采集系统设计[J]. 激光杂志, 2016, 37(2): 26-29.
LV Mo, CHEN Chen, WANG Yiding. High-Speed Acquisition System for Trace Gases Detection Design in Mid-infrared Absorption Spectrum[J]. Laser Journal, 2016, 37(2): 26-29.
[6]? 王瑞. 基于FPGA的紫外吸收光谱的矿井水源判别[J]. 煤炭技术, 2015, 34(4): 219-222.
WANG Rui. Mine Water Source Discrimination of UV Absorption Spectra Based on FPGA[J]. Coal Technology, 2015, 34(4): 219-222.
[7]? 贺刚, 柏鹏, 彭卫东, 等. 一种基于IP核通信系统中滑动相关捕获算法的FPGA实现[J]. 江西师范大学学报: 自然科学版, 2011, 35(2): 151-154.
HE Gang, BO Peng, PENG Weidong, et al. The Design and Realization for Slip Correlation Algorithmic of a Sort of Communication Systems Based on FPGA IP Core[J]. Journal of Jiangxi Normal University: Natural Science Edition, 2011, 35(2): 151-154.
[8]? 张海潮, 王勇, 邱攀攀. 正弦内插算法的FPGA实现[J]. 河南大学学报: 自然科学版, 2014, 44(1): 94-98.
ZHANG Haichao, WANG Yong, QIU Panpan. Realization of Sinc Interpolation Algorithm based on FPGA[J]. Journal of Henan University: Natural Science, 2014, 44(1): 94-98.
[9]? 张多利, 沈休垒, 宋宇鲲, 等. 基于异构多核可编程系统的大点FFT卷积设计与实现[J]. 电子技术应用, 2017, 43(3): 16-20.
ZHANG Duoli, SHEN Xiulei, SONG Yukun, et al. Design and Implementation of Large FFT Convolution on Heterogeneous Multicore Programmable System[J]. Application of Electronic Technique, 2017, 43(3): 16-20.
[10]? Rossi Alessandro, Diani Marco, Corsini Giovanni. Bilateral filter-based adaptive non-uniformity correction for infrared focal-plane array systems[J]. Optical Engineering, 2010, 49(5): 057003.
[11]? 侯喜报, 张志辉, 刘磊, 等. 基于双端口通信的光栅光谱仪设计方法[J]. 光学仪器, 2016, 38(2): 73-78.
HOU Xibao, ZHANG Zhihui, LIU Lei, et al. Improved design method of grating spectrometer based on dual port communication[J]. Optical Instruments, 2016, 38(2): 73-78.
[12]? 何武光, 吴键, 王仕璠. 激光探测告警光学系统设计[J]. 光电工程, 2006, 33(7): 48-51.
HE Wuguang, WU Jian, WANG Shipan. Design of laser detection and warning optical system[J]. Opto-Electronic Engineering, 2006, 33(7): 48-51.
[13]? 王明艳, 王志斌, 张记龙, 等. 基于DSP的弹光调制干涉具干涉数据的实时处理系统[J]. 光电子技术, 2013, 33(1): 41-44.
WANG Mingyan, WANG Zhibin, ZHANG Jilong, et al. DSP Based Real-time Processing System for Photoelastic Moduator Interferometer Data[J]. Optoelectronic Technology, 2013, 33(1): 41-44.
[14]? Miles A J, Wien F, Lees J G. Calibration and standardization of synchrotron radiation and conventional circular dichroism spectrometers. Part 2: Factors affecting magnitude and wavelength[J]. Spectroscopy-AN International Journal, 2005, 19(1): 43-51.

相似文献/References:

[1]秦金明,陈宝国,李丽娟,等. 4×128双色线列红外探测器成像电路设计[J].红外技术,2013,35(02):078.
 QIN Jin-ming,CHEN Bao-guo,LI Li-juan,et al. Imaging Circuit Design of 4×128 Two-color Linear Array Infrared Detector[J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):078.
[2]张桥舟,顾国华,陈钱,等.基于两点参数及自适应窗口的实时盲元检测和补偿技术[J].红外技术,2013,35(03):139.
 ZHANG Qiao-zhou,GU Guo-hua,CHEN Qian,et al.Real-time Blind-pixel Detection and Compensation Technology Based on Two-point Parameters and Self-adaptive Window[J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):139.
[3]陈明杰,顾国华,陈钱,等.基于FPGA的多通道面阵CCD拼接成像系统[J].红外技术,2013,35(03):161.
 CHEN Ming-jie,GU Guo-hua,CHEN Qian,et al. A Multi-channel CCD Data Processing and Transmission System Based on FPGA[J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):161.
[4]路建方,王新赛,肖志洋,等. 基于灰度分层的FPGA红外图像伪彩色实时化研究[J].红外技术,2013,35(05):285.
 LU Jian-fang,WANG Xin-sai,XIAO Zhi-yang,et al. The Research on Real-time Pseudo-color of Infrared Image in FPGA Based on Gray Delaminating[J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):285.
[5]樊晓清,顾国华,刘 宁,等.一种红外数字图像伪彩色显示设计[J].红外技术,2013,35(07):398.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201307003]
 FAN Xiao-qing,GU Guo-hua,LIU Ning,et al.The Design of Pseudo-color Coding and Display For Infrared Digital Images[J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):398.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201307003]
[6]王厚,顾国华,徐富元,等.高速红外视频处理系统的设计研究[J].红外技术,2013,35(07):404.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201307004]
 WANG Hou,GU Guo-hua,QIAN Wei-xian,et al.Design Research of High-speed Infrared Video Processing System[J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):404.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201307004]
[7]唐耀飞,李杰.基于模板相关匹配的红外目标跟踪FPGA算法实现[J].红外技术,2012,34(03):173.
 TANG Yao-fei,LI Jie.The Implementation of FPGA Based?on Template-matching Infrared Target Tracking Algorithm[J].Infrared Technology,2012,34(11):173.
[8]刘世超,秦洁心,亓洪兴,等.基于SD卡的无人机红外行扫描仪图像采集系统设计[J].红外技术,2012,34(01):053.
 LIU Shi-chao,QIN Jie-xin,QI Hong-xing,et al.Image Acquisition Based on SD Card of UAV IR Line Scanner[J].Infrared Technology,2012,34(11):053.
[9]桂训林,张林,季旭东,等.基于Fusion FPGA的昼夜视频采集处理系统研究[J].红外技术,2011,33(12):707.
 GUI Xun-lin,ZHANG Lin,JI Xu-dong,et al.The Design of Round-the-clock Video Acquisition and Processing SystemBased on Fusion FPGA[J].Infrared Technology,2011,33(11):707.
[10]杨陈晨,顾国华,钱惟贤,等.基于Harris角点的KLT跟踪红外图像配准的硬件实现[J].红外技术,2013,35(10):632.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201310007]
 YANG Chen-chen,GU Guo-hua,QIAN Wei-xian,et al.Hardware Implementation of Infrared Image Registration Based on the Harris Corner of KLT Tracking [J].Infrared Technology,2013,35(11):632.[doi:10.11846/j.issn.1001_8891.201310007]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-09-14;修订日期:2018-07-18.
作者简介:刘江平(1980-),男,副教授,呼和浩特人,主要研究方向为软件工程、程序设计等。E-mail:liujiangpingnuc@sina.com。
通信作者:薛何儒(1960-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为图像处理。E-mail:xuehr@imau.edu.cn。
基金项目:内蒙古自治区高等学校科学研究项目(NJZY17058);内蒙古农业大学基础学科科研启动基金项目(JC2015009);国家自然科学基金(61461041)。

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-20