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飞行员夜视镜的人机工效分析及效能提升方法

袁有志 宋建华 董保根 侯志刚 王诗薇 杨默远 张丹

袁有志, 宋建华, 董保根, 侯志刚, 王诗薇, 杨默远, 张丹. 飞行员夜视镜的人机工效分析及效能提升方法[J]. 红外技术, 2022, 44(12): 1287-1292.
引用本文: 袁有志, 宋建华, 董保根, 侯志刚, 王诗薇, 杨默远, 张丹. 飞行员夜视镜的人机工效分析及效能提升方法[J]. 红外技术, 2022, 44(12): 1287-1292.
YUAN Youzhi, SONG Jianhua, DONG Baogen, HOU Zhigang, WANG Shiwei, YANG Moyuan, ZHANG Dan. Ergonomic Analysis of Pilot's Night Vision Goggles in Operational Use and Performance Improvement[J]. Infrared Technology , 2022, 44(12): 1287-1292.
Citation: YUAN Youzhi, SONG Jianhua, DONG Baogen, HOU Zhigang, WANG Shiwei, YANG Moyuan, ZHANG Dan. Ergonomic Analysis of Pilot's Night Vision Goggles in Operational Use and Performance Improvement[J]. Infrared Technology , 2022, 44(12): 1287-1292.

飞行员夜视镜的人机工效分析及效能提升方法

详细信息
    作者简介:

    袁有志(1982-),男,工程师,主要研究方向为航空人机工效。E-mail: yuanyouzhi@163.com

    通讯作者:

    王诗薇(1991-),女,博士,主要研究方向为人工智能及夜视成像技术。E-mail:wangshiwei_124@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R857.13

Ergonomic Analysis of Pilot's Night Vision Goggles in Operational Use and Performance Improvement

  • 摘要: 飞行员夜视镜在未来夜间空战中将会发挥越来越重要的作用,但是佩戴夜视镜飞行也带来诸多安全问题和人机工效问题。为保证飞行员佩戴夜视镜的飞行安全,同时提高夜视作战效能,改善和提升飞行员夜视镜的人机工效是重要途径之一。本文分析了飞行员使用夜视镜时的存在的典型人机工效问题,从夜视镜设备性能改进、人员训练以及使用环境与时机3个方面给出了效能提升建议,为提高飞行员佩戴夜视镜飞行安全性、高效性和舒适性提供适用性的解决方案。
  • 图  1  夜视兼容的座舱照明[16]

    Figure  1.  Night vision compatible cockpit lighting[16]

    图  2  典型场景的夜视镜观察图像

    Figure  2.  Night vision goggles observation image of typical scenes

    图  3  微光像增强器的光谱响应曲线[32]

    Figure  3.  Spectral response of low light level image intensifier[32]

    图  4  大视场夜视镜[33]

    Figure  4.  Panoramic night vision goggles[33]

    表  1  月相和照度对照

    Table  1.   Moon phase and illumination comparison table

    Phase of the moon Illuminance
    Full moon 2×10-1 lx
    ¾ moon 1×10-1 lx
    ½ moon 5×10-2 lx-1−1×10-1 lx
    ¼ moon 1×10-2 lx
    No moon(starlight) 1×10-3 lx
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-30
  • 修回日期:  2021-10-26
  • 刊出日期:  2022-12-20

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